Welcoming a stranger or traveller was a fundamental courtesy in the ancient Near East (Gen. 18:1–8). Grave consequences followed a violation of this custom (Judg. 8:4–9). In the NT (Luke 7:36–50) Simon, a Pharisee [[➝ Pharisees]], is rebuked for his lack of appropriate care for his guests. Jesus expected his disciples to be offered hospitality when he sent them out on a mission (Mark 6:10). Jesus' own regard for custom is by not upstaging his host: he heals only when asked (Mark 1:30) and knows the rules of precedence (Luke 14:8). He was sometimes offered private homes for teaching (Mark 1:29–34).
The early Church expected its members to receive hospitality if they visited another town (Rom. 12:13; 1 Pet. 4:9; Acts 17:7). Letters of commendation on behalf of travellers were exchanged amongst Church leaders (Rom. 16:1–2; 3 John 5).

Dictionary of the Bible.

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  • Hospitality — Hos pi*tal i*ty, n.; pl. {Hospitalities}. [L. hospitalitas: cf. F. hospitalit[ e].] The act or practice of one who is hospitable; reception and entertainment of strangers or guests without reward, or with kind and generous liberality. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • hospitality — late 14c., act of being hospitable, from O.Fr. hospitalité, from L. hospitalitem (nom. hospitalitas) friendliness to guests, from hospes (gen. hospitis) guest (see HOST (Cf. host) (1)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • hospitality — [n] neighborliness accommodation, affability, amiability, cheer, companionship, comradeship, consideration, conviviality, cordiality, entertainment, friendliness, generosity, geniality, good cheer, heartiness, hospitableness, obligingness,… …   New thesaurus

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